Our Services

Diabetic Eyecare

Diabetes is a medical condition that causes slow absorption of blood sugar in the body. Not only does diabetes cause changes in small blood vessels in various organs of the body, it can also cause severe vision loss or even blindness. This loss of vision due to diabetes is a result of damage caused to the retina and is referred to as diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy affects up to 80 percent of all patients who have had diabetes for 10 years or more.

Retina due Diabetic

Damage caused to a retina due to diabetes

Retina after Injected Lucentis

The same retina after being injected with Lucentis

there are two types of diabetic retinopathy:

  • Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy

Background or Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR) is the earliest stage of diabetic retinopathy, where damaged blood vessels in the retina begin to leak extra fluid and small amounts of blood into the eye. Diabetic patients with mild NPDR, usually don't suffer from vision loss, but can have microaneurysms, retinal haemorrhage, and hard exudates like fats and cholesterol leak into the retina. However diabetic patients with NPDR who have macular oedema and macular ischemia can have vision loss.

  • Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy

Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR) refers to a situation when NPDR becomes severe, and the blood vessels proliferate. The lack of oxygen in the retina causes fragile, new blood vessels to grow along the retina and vitreous humour that fills the inside of the eye. Without timely and proper treatment, these new blood vessels can bleed, cloud vision, and destroy the retina. These new vessels can cause tractional retinal detachment and can also cause neo-vascular glaucoma.


Diabetic Eye Care Faqs

  • What is diabetic retinopathy?

    Diabetic retinopathy is a medical condition that affects our vision. It is a result of diabetes. Diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels inside the retina and is also a leading cause of blindness.

  • Who is at risk for diabetic retinopathy?

    People afflicted with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk of diabetic retinopathy.

  • What are the symptoms?

    Diabetic retinopathy displays no early warning signs. If you've experienced reduced central vision, black spots (floaters) and cobwebs of sudden onset often point to a minor bleed inside the eye, we suggest you schedule an appointment for a detailed eye exam.

  • How is diabetic retinopathy treated?

    In the first three stages of diabetic retinopathy there is no need for treatment, however, proliferative retinopathy is treated with laser surgery or Anti-VEGF injections such as Lucentis.

    To prevent progression of diabetic retinopathy, people with diabetes should control their levels of blood sugar, blood pressure, and blood cholesterol.

progression of diabetic retinopathy

1Early Diabetic Retinopathy

Moderately Advanced Diabetic Retinopathy

2Moderately Advanced Diabetic Retinopathy

Advanced Diabetic Retinopathy

3Advanced Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy with Retinal Detachment

4End Stage Diabetic Retinopathy with Retinal Detachment


Glaucoma is a disease that damages the optic nerve. The optic nerve carries electrical impulses of the light images transformed by the retina, to our brain. Damage to the optic nerve and retina causes blind spots in the field of vision. In extreme cases, if the entire nerve is destroyed, blindness will occur.

Screening For Glaucoma

At Banaji Eyecare, we use the latest in modern technology to detect glaucoma at the earliest, so that you don’t have to worry about losing your vision.


Faqs Glaucoma

  • What is glaucoma?

    Glaucoma is a disease that damages the optic nerve. When light enters the eye, an image is focused on the retina, the delicate nerve layer lining the inside back wall of the eye. The retina then transforms the light images into electrical impulses, which are carried to the brain by the optic nerve. Damage to the optic nerve and retina causes blind spots in the field of vision. If the entire nerve is destroyed, blindness will occur.

  • What causes glaucoma?

    It is usually caused by an increase in the fluid pressure in the eye. The front part of the eye contains a clear, nourishing fluid called the aqueous, which constantly circulates through the eye. Normally, this fluid leaves the eye through a drainage system and returns to the blood. Glaucoma occurs when fluid pressure in the eye increases due to an overproduction of fluid or when the drainage system becomes blocked. The high pressure causes damage to the optic nerve, resulting in permanent vision loss. The exact reason the fluid system in the eye stops functioning properly has not yet been completely understood.

  • What are the symptoms of glaucoma?

    The early symptoms associated with chronic open angle glaucoma (the most common form of the disease) are usually unnoticed. In most cases, the initial build-up of pressure is gradual, without any discomfort or pain. Most people do not detect any change in their vision until substantial loss of sight has occurred. Certain parts of peripheral vision are affected first, with the top, sides and bottom of the field of vision becoming affected. Later, central vision becomes affected. Mild headaches and difficulty with night vision may be experienced.

    Those stricken with acute closed angle glaucoma experience more evident symptoms – blurred vision, pain, nausea and halos around lights. Congenital glaucoma presents noticeable symptoms in infants, including enlarged eyes, cloudy cornea, sensitivity to light and excessive tearing.

  • How is glaucoma diagnosed?

    In most cases, glaucoma is detected during a routine eye examination, before the patient experiences any vision problems. The evaluation for glaucoma is painless, and involves checking the pressure of the eye with a tonometer. The optic nerve is examined with an ophthalmoscope. This instrument illuminates and magnifies the back of the eye. A special mirrored magnifying lens called ‘gonioscope’ is used to examine the drainage channels for proper fluid outflow. If any signs of glaucoma are detected, the patient’s field of vision is tested for blind spots and shrinking of peripheral vision.

  • How can I treat glaucoma?

    Glaucoma cannot be cured. Lost vision is impossible to restore. If detected early, however, a combination of laser treatment, eye drops and medication can be used to treat it. Eye drops and pills are used to lower the pressure inside the eye, preventing damage to the optic nerve. They allow faster drainage of fluid from the eye or less fluid production inside the eye. In some cases, laser treatment is required to avoid any side effects of medications or eye drops. It has been proved that surgery performed at an early stage is more effective than eye drop treatment carried out over a long period of time. The laser is used to improve drainage and reduce fluid pressure. We at the Banaji Eyecare and Surgery Centre carry out all tests and all forms of treatment for glaucoma.

Services at Banaji Eyecare

prev Green arrow next Green arrow prev Green arrow next Green arrow prev Green arrow next Green arrow
  • vision examination

    Vision Examination

  • Intraocular_pressure_img

    Intraocular Pressure Measurement

  • ocular_movement_img

    Ocular Movement Check

  • slit_lamp_img

    Slit Lamp Examination

  • external_structures_img

    Examination of the Inner Structures of the Eye

  • inner_structures_img

    Examination of the inner structures of the Eye

  • pupil_check_img

    Pupil Check

Routine Eye Examinations
prev Gray arrow next Gray arrow
  • contact_lens_clinic

    Lucentis Injection

  • optic_nerve_img

    Optic Nerve Evaluation

  • cataract_examinations_img

    Cataract Examinations and Services 

  • intraocular_lenses_img

    Intraocular Lenses for Cataract Surgery

  • glaucoma_examinations_img

    Glaucoma Examinations and Surgery

  • squint_examination_img

    Squint Examination and Correction Surgery

  • visual_field_img

    Visual Field Examination

  • minor_surgery_img

    Minor Surgery of the Eyelids

  • art_bausch_img

    Custom Wavefront LASIK

  • multifocal_intraocular_img

    Multifocal Intraocular Lenses

  • contact-_lens_img

    Contact Lens Clinic

  • optical_dispensing_img

    Optical Dispensing

Other services

How Often Should I Have My Eyes Examined?

Eyecare experts recommend that everyone have a complete eye exam every one to three years, depending on age, risk factors and physical condition.


Approximately one in 20 preschool children and one in four school-aged children has an eye problem that could cause permanent vision loss if left untreated. Children without symptoms and who are at low risk for eye problems should have their eyes screened by six months of age, then examined at age three and again at the start of school. Risk-free children should then continue to have their eyes examined at least every two years throughout school.

Any child who does have risk factors for vision problems may need to have more frequent eye exams. Some examples of common risk factors include:

  • Prematurity
  • Developmental delays
  • Turned or crossed eyes
  • Family history of eye disease
  • History of eye injury
  • Other physical illness or disease

According to the American Optometric Association (AOA), children who wear eyeglasses or contact lenses need to be seen annually to keep their prescriptions current.


The AOA also recommends an annual eye exam for any adult who wears eyeglasses or contacts. If you don't normally need vision correction, you still need an eye exam every two to three years up to the age of 40, depending on your rate of visual change and overall health. More frequent examinations for adults with diabetes, high blood pressure and other disorders are recommended because many diseases can have an impact on the health of your eyes.

If you are over 40, it's a good idea to have your eyes examined every one to two years to check for common age-related eye problems such as presbyopia, cataracts and macular degeneration. Because the risk of eye disease continues to increase with advancing age, everyone over the age of 60 should be examined annually.

Read More +
Recommended Examination Frequency for
Close button

Pediatric Patient

Patient Age or Situation
Examination Interval if Asymptomatic/Risk-Free
Examination Interval if at Risk

Birth to 24 Months

By 6 months of age

By 6 months of age or as recommended

2 to 5 years

At 3 years of age

At 3 years of age or as recommended

6 to 18 years

Before first grade and every two years thereafter

Annually or as recommended

Children who wear eyeglasses or contact lenses

Annually or as recommended

Annually or as recommended

Reprinted with permission from the American Optometric Association

Close button

Adult Patient

Patient Age or Situation
Examination Interval if Asymptomatic/Risk-Free
Examination Interval if at Risk

18 to 40 years

Every two to three years

Every one to two years or as recommended

41 to 60 years

Every two years

Every one to two years or as recommended

61 and older


Annually or as recommended

People who wear eyeglasses or contact lenses

Annually or as recommended

Annually or as recommended

Reprinted with permission from the American Optometric Association

Test Your Eyes

prevBtn nextBtn prevBtn nextBtn
  • Myopia Test Eye
  • Hyperopia Test Eye
  • Astigmatism Test Eye
  • Macular Test Eye
  • Color Blindness

Do you feel uncomfortable while driving at night? Do you need to squint in order to read road signs?
If you’ve answered yes to any one of the questions, take our online vision screening test.